Agricultural machinery is a machine used in the operation of an agricultural area or farm. These equipment help make the operation efficient, easier, faster and cost-effective. They lessen hiring of people to accomplish farm work.
Industrial revolution and development of more complicated machines, harvesting grain by hand with they use of a sharp blade, is already a thing of the past. Machines on wheels can harvest with continuous swath. Threshing machines have taken the place of threshing by beating with sticks. They can separate the seeds from the heads and stalks.
Types of Agricultural Equipment.
- Tillage Implements – This equipment prepares the soil for planting. It loosens the soil and kills the weeds and other competing plants. The modern plow uses offset disks to turn over the soil and chisels to get the depth to keep the moisture.
- Planter– This machine is called the seeder. It plants the seeds in equal spaces in long rows which are usually two or three feet apart. Some crops are planted with the use of drills. It puts out more seeds in rows with less than a foot space in between. It fills the whole field with crops. Transplanters mechanize the task of transplanting the seedlings to the field. Today, Transplanters and seeders lay down long rows of plastic mulch in the field and plant through them
- Fertilizer and Pesticide Implements – These implements are used for removing weeds between rows and spread fertilizer and pesticides.
- Harvester – This machine does the harvesting of the farm produce without the need of farm hands.
- Hay Balers – This machine packs grass or alfalfa tightly so they could be stored for winter months.
- Irrigation Machinery – Machines are used to provide water in huge volumes to large area of land. Some of these machines are engines, pumps and other specialize gears.
- Tractors and other vehicles are used in farming. These vehicles include trucks, airplanes and helicopter. They are used to transport crops and making equipment mobile, for aerial spraying of insecticide and pesticides and management of livestock herd.
Today, technology is changing how people operate agricultural machines using computer monitoring systems, GPS locators and self-steer programs. These new innovations allows advanced tractors and implements to be more efficient, precise and less wasteful with regards to fuel, seed, fertilizer and insecticides and pesticides. It won’t be long when driverless tractors using GPS maps and electronic sensors will be dominating agricultural farms.